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Recently, the socio-political situation in many regions of the world remains quite tense. Since the early 1990s, the established world order has been constantly changing, accompanied by the disintegration of entire countries and the formation of new states on their wreckage. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, countries with a short history of existence and, as a result, little experience in the functioning of state institutions appeared on the map of the Eurasian continent. New geopolitical blocs are being created, and those that existed before are being forced to change their policies and partnership rules. These processes are often accompanied by the emergence of zones of tension in interstate and domestic relations. Depending on the degree of tension, there are conflicts in various spheres of public relations. They can be political, economic, armed, etc. In the context of information and "hybrid" wars, the activity of state diplomatic institutions becomes important as part of the state mechanism designed to ensure the maintenance of diplomatic relations with foreign countries, representation in international organizations, bodies and special missions; to ensure interaction with diplomatic missions, consular posts of foreign states, missions of international organizations, as well as with an accredited diplomatic corps.
Diplomatic missions and consular posts of some foreign countries located in Ukraine have recently become the targets of radical groups. Most often they are carried out in relation to the relevant institutions of the Russian Federation. Sometimes such actions are aggressive and provocative. This forces law enforcement to pay more attention to the safety of diplomatic staff.
Attempts to seize diplomatic missions have not yet been recorded in Ukraine. Such attempts may provoke an unpredictable reaction from a foreign state.
One of the priority areas for improving the efficiency of security of diplomatic facilities is to improve its organizational mechanism.
Existing approaches to the organization of the security system are not related to crisis scenarios, which may necessitate the evacuation of diplomatic personnel. This situation requires the development of a sound approach to determining the necessary components of the organizational security mechanism.
According to the developed proposals, the security mechanism should include the combat order of the security forces, the territory on which it is built, the system of use of special and improvised equipment, the system of barriers, surveillance and general management of interdepartmental forces.
The main element of the design of the security system is the order of battle. It should include patrol police posts (car patrols), operational combat groups and observers from the Security Service of Ukraine, as well as military chains, security posts, checkpoints, patrol and observation posts of the National Guard of Ukraine. The other elements of the security mechanism have features that will be determined by the conditions of the crisis situation.
The proposed protection mechanism significantly complicates the intrusion of offenders into the territory of the object of protection and the exercise of physical influence on diplomatic personnel.
Keywords: diplomatic missions, consular posts, National Guard of Ukraine, security, crisis situation.
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